48v Lithium Batteries

NPP 48v battery for off-grid battery power, solar backup power, 48 volt LiFePO4 batteries, golf cart, marine, RV, boat batteries Battery Backup for Home with high energy density, low self-discharge rate, built-in BMS.

Long Cycle Life

Module Design

Easy For installation

Ultra Safety

High Energy 
Transfer Efficiency

High Charge &
Discharge Rate

High Temperature 

Easy to Operate

Battery Voltage


48v Batteries

48 volt Lithium Battery Backup for Home

48v Server Rack Battery

48V Lithium batteries: The Ultimate FAQ Guide

What is 48V lithium ion battery?

48V lithium-ion battery is a rechargeable battery that has a nominal voltage of 48 volts. “48V” refers to the voltage level at which the battery operates, also call 51.2v lithium-ion battery,  16pcs of 3.2V lifepo4 cells in series, while “lithium-ion” refers to the type of chemical technology used in the battery. 

Lithium-ion batteries are known for their high energy density, meaning they can store more energy in a smaller size compared to other battery technologies. This makes them a popular choice for various applications, including electric vehicles, renewable energy storage systems, and backup power supplies.

The 48V voltage level is commonly used in electric vehicles, specifically in hybrid and mild hybrid vehicles, as it provides sufficient power for the vehicle’s propulsion system. Additionally, 48V lithium-ion batteries are also utilized in certain industrial or commercial settings, where higher voltage levels are required for specific operations.

It is important to note that the “48V” designation refers to the nominal voltage, and the actual voltage of the battery may vary depending on its charge level. Furthermore, the capacity or energy storage of the battery is typically measured in ampere-hours (Ah) or kilowatt-hours (kWh), which determines the duration of power delivery.

How many hours does 48V lithium battery last?

The duration 48V lithium ion batteries lasts off-grid for a house depends on several factors, including the total energy consumption of the house and the capacity of the battery. To calculate an estimate, you need to know the total energy usage of the house in kilowatt-hours (kWh) and the capacity of the battery in kilowatt-hours (kWh) or ampere-hours (Ah).


Let’s assume the battery capacity is given in ampere-hours (Ah). To convert it to kilowatt-hours (kWh), you can multiply the battery capacity (Ah) by the nominal voltage (V) and then divide by 1000:

Battery capacity (kWh) = (Battery capacity (Ah) * Nominal voltage (V)) / 1000

Once you have the battery capacity in kilowatt-hours (kWh) and the total energy usage of the house in kilowatt-hours (kWh), you can calculate the duration the battery will last by dividing the battery capacity by the energy usage:

Battery duration (hours) = Battery energy(Wh) / Power usage (W)

If your household application is 2000w, and uses 48V 200Ah for energy storage, then it would take 48v * 200ah / 2000w = 4.8 hours. It’s important to note that this is a rough estimate as it assumes constant energy consumption and doesn’t account for factors like battery efficiency, depth of discharge, or external charging sources like solar panels.

To get a more accurate estimate, you would need to monitor the energy usage of your house over a specific period and consider other factors that affect battery performance.

How do you charge 48V lithium battery?

To charge 48V lithium battery, you will need a suitable charger designed specifically for lithium batteries. Here’s a step-by-step guide on how to charge it:

Choose a charger: Make sure you have a charger that is compatible with lithium batteries and specifically designed for 48V systems. Check the voltage and current rating of the charger to ensure it matches the specifications of your battery.

Connect the charger: Connect the positive (+) and negative (-) terminals of the charger to the corresponding terminals on the battery. Double-check the polarity to avoid any short circuits or damage.

Enable charging mode: Some chargers have a switch or button to enable charging mode. Make sure this is set correctly before proceeding.

Set the charging parameters: If your charger allows, you can set specific parameters such as charging voltage and current. It’s crucial to follow the manufacturer’s recommendations for your particular battery model.

Safety precautions: Ensure that the charging area is well-ventilated to dissipate any heat generated during the charging process. Never leave the battery unattended while charging and avoid charging near flammable materials.

Monitor the charging process: Keep an eye on the charger’s display (if available) or use a multimeter to monitor the voltage and current being supplied to the battery. This will help you ensure that the charging process is progressing correctly.

Charge completion: Lithium batteries typically have a built-in protection circuit that prevents overcharging. Once the battery reaches its maximum voltage, the charger should automatically stop charging or switch to a lower maintenance charge mode.

Disconnect the charger: Once the battery is fully charged, disconnect the charger from the battery terminals. Ensure that you disconnect the negative terminal first, followed by the positive terminal.

Note: It is essential to consult the user manual or documentation provided by the battery manufacturer and follow their recommended charging procedures. Every lithium battery may have specific requirements, and deviating from them can lead to safety risks or reduced battery life.

Are 48 volt lithium batteries safe?

Yes, 48 volt lithium batteries can be safe if used and handled properly. Here are a few key points to keep in mind:

Quality and Manufacturing Standards: Ensure that the battery you are using meets recognized quality and manufacturing standards. Look for batteries that comply with international safety standards such as UL (Underwriters Laboratories) or IEC (International Electrotechnical Commission).

Proper Installation: Follow the manufacturer’s guidelines for installing the battery correctly. This may involve connecting it to suitable wiring, using appropriate connectors, and ensuring proper insulation and grounding.

Temperature Considerations: Lithium batteries can be sensitive to extreme temperatures. Avoid exposing the battery to extremely high or low temperatures, as it can affect its performance and safety. Operate and store the battery within the recommended temperature range specified by the manufacturer.

Protection Circuitry: Most lithium batteries come with built-in protection circuitry that safeguards against overcharging, over-discharging, and short circuits. This circuitry helps prevent overheating and potential safety issues. Ensure that the battery you choose has this protection.

Proper Charging: Use a charger specifically designed for lithium batteries and follow the manufacturer’s recommended charging procedures. Avoid using chargers that are not compatible with your battery, as it can lead to overcharging and potential safety hazards.

Handling and Storage: Handle the battery with care, avoiding dropping or damaging it. Store the battery in a cool and dry place, away from flammable materials, and in a secure manner to prevent accidental damage or short circuits.

Regular Inspections: Periodically inspect the battery for any signs of damage, such as swelling, leaks, or visible wear on the casing. If you notice any issues, discontinue use and consult the manufacturer or a professional.

By following these guidelines and exercising caution, 48 volt lithium batteries can be used safely and effectively.

Can I charge 48V lithium battery with a 12V charger?

No, it is not recommended to charge 48V lithium ion battery with a 12V charger. Charging a battery with a charger that has a lower output voltage than the battery’s rated voltage can potentially damage the battery or lead to ineffective charging.

To charge 48V lifepo4 battery, you need a charger specifically designed for that voltage. Using a charger with the correct voltage output ensures that the battery is charged safely and efficiently. It is important to match the charger’s output voltage to the battery’s rated voltage to avoid any potential risks or damage.

What voltage should 48v lithium batteries be stored at?

When it comes to storing 48V lithium batteries, it is generally recommended to store them at around 50-60% of their maximum charge capacity. This translates to an approximate voltage range of 46.8V to 49.2V.

Storing the batteries at this level helps to minimize the natural self-discharge that occurs over time. It also helps to prevent overcharging or deep discharging, which can potentially damage the battery and reduce its overall lifespan.

It is worth noting that different manufacturers may have slightly different recommendations for storage voltage, so it’s always a good idea to consult the specific battery manufacturer’s guidelines. Additionally, it is important to store lithium batteries in a cool and dry environment, away from direct sunlight and extreme temperatures, to further ensure their longevity.

How many cells are in 48 volt lithium ion battery?

The number of cells in 48 volt lithium ion battery can vary depending on the specific configuration and design of the battery. In general, lithium-ion batteries consist of multiple cells connected in series to achieve the desired voltage level.

To determine the number of cells in 48 volt battery, we need to know the nominal voltage of each individual cell. Most lithium-ion cells have a nominal voltage of around 3.2 volts. Therefore, to achieve 48 volt battery, we divide the desired voltage (48 volts) by the nominal voltage of each cell (3.2 volts).

48 volts / 3.2 volts = 15 cells

51.2 volts / 3.2 volts = 16 cells

Since we cannot have a fraction of a cell, we round up to the nearest whole number. So, 48 volt lithium ion battery would typically consist of 15 cells. In some situation, make it 16 cells for 51.2v lithium battery. Keep in mind that this is a general calculation and actual battery designs may vary.

How many solar panels can charge 48V battery?

To determine the number of solar panels required to charge 48V battery, you need to know the specifications of the solar panels and the battery.

Check the voltage rating of the solar panels: Solar panels have different voltage ratings, typically ranging from 12V to 48V. Let’s assume you have 12V solar panels.

Calculate the total voltage required: Since the battery is rated at 48V, you will need to connect the solar panels in series to achieve this voltage. To do this, divide the battery voltage by the voltage rating of each panel. In this case, 48V divided by 12V equals 4 panels connected in series.

Consider the efficiency and charging requirements: Solar panels have different efficiencies, which determine how much power they can generate under ideal conditions. Additionally, the charging time required for the battery also affects the number of solar panels needed.

Calculate the total power needed: Determine the power requirements of the battery in watts. For example, let’s say the battery requires 500W of power.

Consider panel efficiency: Divide the required power by the efficiency of the solar panel to determine the total power generated. For instance, if the panel is 80% efficient, dividing 500W by 0.8 equals 625W.

Calculate panel capacity: Each solar panel has a specific power rating. For example, if a panel has a rating of 150W, dividing the total power generated (625W) by the panel rating (150W) gives you the number of panels required. In this case, it would be around 4.17 panels.

Round up: Since you can’t have a fraction of a panel, round up to the nearest whole number. In our case, you would need 5 solar panels to charge 48V battery.

Remember, these calculations are based on ideal conditions and do not factor in variables like weather, shading, and other real-world factors. It’s always a good idea to consult with a professional to get accurate recommendations for your specific situation.

What is 48V lithium battery used for?

48V lithium battery can be used in various applications depending on the specific requirements and design. Some common uses include Electric Vehicles, Renewable Energy Storage, Uninterruptible Power Supply (UPS), Telecom and Communication Equipment, and Marine and RV Applications:

  • Electric Vehicles: Many electric vehicles, such as electric cars, bicycles, scooters, and motorcycles, use 48V lithium batteries as their power source. These batteries provide the necessary energy to propel the vehicle and can offer a longer driving range compared to other battery technologies.
  • Renewable Energy Storage: 48V lifepo4 batteries are widely used in renewable energy systems, such as solar power or wind power installations. They store the excess energy generated during peak production periods and release it when there is a demand, ensuring a consistent power supply.
  • Uninterruptible Power Supply (UPS): 48V lithium batteries are used in UPS systems to provide backup power during utility outages or fluctuations. This ensures continuous operation of critical equipment or systems, such as servers, data centers, or medical devices.
  • Telecom and Communication Equipment: 48V lithium batteries are commonly employed as backup power sources for telecom base stations, cellular towers, and communication equipment. They can provide reliable power during grid failures or unstable power conditions, enabling uninterrupted connectivity.
  • Marine and RV Applications: 48V lithium batteries are utilized in marine vessels and recreational vehicles (RVs) to power onboard appliances, lighting, and navigation equipment. They offer high energy density, lightweight construction, and longer lifespan compared to traditional battery options.

It’s important to note that while the above applications are common, the specific use of 48V lithium battery can vary depending on the requirements and design of the particular project or product.

What is the best charging voltage for 48V lithium battery?

The recommended charging voltage for 48V lithium battery generally depends on the specific chemistry and manufacturer’s specifications. In general, the charging voltage for a lithium battery should not exceed 3.6 volts per cell or 56V – 58V volts for 48V battery pack.

However, it is crucial to consult the manufacturer’s datasheet or guidelines for the specific lithium battery you are using. The datasheet will provide the recommended charging voltage range, as well as any additional considerations or limitations.

Exceeding the recommended charging voltage can lead to overcharging, which can cause damage to the battery, reduce its lifespan, and even create safety hazards. It is essential to follow the manufacturer’s guidelines to ensure optimal performance and longevity of the lithium battery.

How long does it take to charge 48v lithium-ion battery?

The time it takes to charge 48v lithium-ion battery depends on several factors, including the capacity of the battery, the charging current, and the charging method being used.

Battery Capacity: The capacity of the battery is typically measured in ampere-hours (Ah) and indicates how much charge it can hold. A higher capacity battery will generally take longer to charge compared to a lower capacity battery.

Charging Current: The charging current is the rate at which electric current is supplied to the battery during the charging process. A higher charging current will generally result in a faster charging time, but it should be within the safe charging limits specified by the battery manufacturer to avoid damaging the battery.

Charging Method: There are different charging methods available, such as constant-current charging, constant-voltage charging, or a combination of both. The charging method used can affect the charging time as well.

Taking these factors into consideration, it is difficult to provide an exact time for charging 48v lithium-ion battery without specific information on the battery capacity and charging parameters.

However, as a general guideline, you can estimate the charging time by dividing the battery capacity by the charging current. For example, if you have 48v lithium-ion battery with a capacity of 10Ah and a charging current of 2A, the estimated charging time would be approximately 10Ah/2A = 5 hours.

It’s important to note that this is just an estimate, and actual charging times may vary depending on the specific characteristics of the battery and the charging equipment being used. It is always recommended to refer to the battery manufacturer’s guidelines for more accurate information on charging times and procedures.

Speak To Our Expert

If you need help selecting the suited battery for your particular application, please feel free to contact us, NPP Global team-based sales and highly trained and qualified team of experts is standing by to take your questions.

Find us around the world

NPP has a network of battery warehouses and offices in different continents around the world.